Bus safety hazards are mainly divided into five categories: fire, accident, health safety, theft, natural disasters. Next we will give you a detailed introduction.
After a bus fire, we should first see the situation and location of the fire, and then choose the method of escape and self-rescue. The most common type of bus fire is engine fire. Passengers should immediately ask the driver to open the door and guide the passengers to get off the bus. Then, fire extinguishers are used to extinguish the flames. If the fire is in the middle of the car, the driver should open the door and let passengers get off the car orderly from both doors. Now some buses will have an emergency button or knob near the door. In an emergency, pressing the button or the knob door switch system will fail, and then you can push the door directly to escape. When fighting fires, we should focus on protecting the cab and fuel tank parts; for example, the fire blocked the door, but the fire was small, passengers could use clothes to cover their heads and rush down from the door; for example, if the door route was burnt out and could not be opened, passengers should use life hammer to smash the nearest window and roll off the car; for example, passengers caught their clothes burning carelessly in the fire, do not panic, and avoid running in disorder. Should calmly adopt the correct method to deal with: in time to take off clothes, should quickly take off clothes, with feet will quickly stamp out the fire. When it's too late to take off your clothes, you can roll on the spot and extinguish the fire. If his clothes catch fire, he can take off his clothes or other cloth, cover up the fire on others, or spray fire extinguishers on his body. If you take a long-distance bus, you'd better choose a seat closer to the safety door or the roof exit. If you want, you can look carefully at the instructions on how to open the safety door, because in case of an accident, you can't look at the instructions calmly.
Turn over: The passengers in the car should quickly lie down on the chair, grasp the fixtures in the car, so that the body is clamped in the chair, and try to stabilize the body. When overturning, you should not jump out of the car in the direction of overturning, but in the opposite direction of overturning. When landing, you should roll or run a long distance with your hands in the direction of inertia to avoid secondary damage.
Drop: Take a deep breath before driving the car into the river. If the water is shallow and not completely submerged, you should wait for the car to stabilize before trying to leave the vehicle from the door and window. If the water is deep, do not rush to open the door and window glass, because the door is difficult to open at this time. At this point, the oxygen in the carriage can be maintained for 5 to 10 minutes for drivers and passengers. Do not panic, put your head out of the water, quickly push the door or glass, and take a deep breath, then surfaced.
Collision: The driver is often fatally endangered in a head-on collision in which his feet stand upright and lean backward in a traffic accident. Once an accident occurs, when the main direction of the collision is not on the driver's side, the driver should grasp the steering wheel with both hands, push his legs forward, lean backward, and maintain his body balance, so as to avoid injuries when his head hits the windshield in the instant of the collision. If the main direction of the collision is near the driver's seat or the impact force is too large, the driver should quickly avoid the steering wheel and lift his feet to avoid being squeezed. The best way to protect people in the back seat is to quickly extend one foot forward, top the back of the front chair, bend elbows in front of the chest, open both hands, protect the head and face, back up, press on the chair. Even if you don't have time, you should always be ready for an accident by pushing forward the armrest or the back of the chair with both hands and pushing forward with both feet one after the other. In this way, the impact force is consumed and the speed of the body's forward rush is cushioned so as to reduce the degree of injury.
Don't shout when colliding. Close your lips and clench your teeth so as not to bite your tongue when colliding.
There is a great possibility of fire in a car collision, so as soon as the collision stops, everyone should try to get out of the car as soon as possible.
Before jumping out, make the necessary preparations: take off your seat belt, open the door, and hug your body in groups - head close to your chest, knees close together, elbows close to your chest, hands close to your ears, waist bend, and roll out of the car. You can roll with the tide and not fight hard with the ground.
For the following injuries caused by traffic accidents, passers-by or uninjured passengers can take certain rescue measures: bleeding: can tear clothes into cloth pieces, local pressure hemostasis for bleeding wounds.
Fracture: Small splints, branches and other objects can be found at the scene, and the affected limbs can be bandaged and fixed.
Head Trauma: Turn the head of the injured person to one side and don't lean back. This can cause vomiting, blockage of the respiratory tract caused by the contents of the stomach, and asphyxia of the injured person.
Abdominal trauma: The viscera should be fastened to the abdominal wall with a container in the original place as far as possible, and the viscera should not be put into the abdominal cavity, so as to avoid abdominal infection.
Respiratory cardiac arrest: timely mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration and simple cardiac massage for the injured.
1. No snacks on the bus. What biscuits, chocolates, desserts, candies and so on are all people like to eat on the bus, which is a very bad habit. The reason is very simple. The mobility of people on buses is large and the composition of people is complex. It does not exclude the carriers or even the disseminators of pathogens. At the same time, the sanitation situation is not optimistic. Opening doors and closing doors, dust, droplets and paper inside and outside buses will aggravate the environmental pollution in buses. If there is smoking and drinking, plus the human body has its own