Automated driving layout of 46 automotive technology giants!
Jan 17, 2019

Auto-driving cars have been highly valued by governments. Domestic and foreign universities and research institutes have invested a lot of manpower and physics. Major auto companies, technology companies, auto parts suppliers and self-driving car startups are also here. The layout of the field. Today, I will tell you about the CB Insights autopilot entry inventory and introduce the development and cooperation progress of 46 auto technology related companies.

Not only the technology circles such as Tesla and Alphabet are competing for the big cake of self-driving, but many car brands and Internet giants are also making efforts to invest in independent research and development. Based on investment, acquisitions and collaboration data, CB Insights identified 46 companies that develop road self-driving: they are a diverse group of participants, covering the automotive industry and Internet technology players (excluding companies engaged in industrial autonomous vehicles) . The autopilot layout of each company (sorted by company initials) will be outlined below.

  Amazon: Aiming at "Last Mile Delivery"

  In 2016, the patent application for autonomous lane-switching technology and Toyota's multi-function autonomous vehicle "e-Palette" will be presented at the 2020 Summer Olympics. Debut.

  Over the past decade, Amazon has spent billions of dollars looking for a better "last mile delivery" solution: it built its own fleet of cargo aircraft and explored the "Prime Air" based on drones. Delivery... At CES 2018, the company finally announced that it will work on the development of self-driving cars through cooperation with Toyota. Their demonstration car, called the "Electronic Palette", was designed as a versatile, self-contained minivan for transporting goods, people and even mobile offices, and is scheduled to be launched for the first time at the Tokyo 2020 Summer Olympics.

  Tim Collins, vice president of global logistics at Amazon, said the partnership with Toyota will allow the two companies to explore new opportunities and improve the speed and quality of customer delivery. In fact, Amazon's layout in the field of autonomous driving can be traced back to earlier: in 2015, Amazon collaborated with DHL and Audi on some trials, including the delivery of customer packages to their car trunks; in 2016 Amazon applied and was awarded Autonomous lane switching technology patent. The Wall Street Journal reported in April 2017 that Amazon had established a professional team specializing in driverless technology more than a year ago.

  Apple: The Transformation of Titan

  Established an employee transportation network and currently covers 66 self-driving minivans in California. In 2016, Apple’s self-driving car project “Titan” project suffered some setbacks. In June 2018, Apple hired former Waymo and NASA engineers to lead the Titan project. Apple's "Project Titan" has been a frequent visitor to the car's "Proverbs Factory" hot search list. According to the disclosure, the project's goal is to be at the forefront of electric vehicles. The Titan project suffered setbacks in early 2016, and the project leader, Steve Zadesky, left the company and was even frozen and hired, which also increased the strategic uncertainty of the project's prospects.

  In July 2016, Apple hired Dan Dodge, the founder and former CEO of QNX, and selected the legendary hardware executive Bob Mansfield as the leader. The employment strategy means a strategic shift in the Titans program. According to reports, the "Titan" plan decided to give priority to the development of automatic driving systems, while suspending the development of electric vehicles.

  In April 2017, new details seem to confirm this: Apple's documents show that the company is building an "automation system and hired robotics experts from NASA to drive the unmanned R&D process.

  In 2018, Apple struggled to build its self-driving team; since July 18, 66 cars have officially been on the road and registered with the California DMV. This will make Apple the owner of the state's third-largest self-testing fleet (after GM Cruise and Waymo); recently, Apple's vehicle patent activity has begun to heat up.

  Aptiv: Plan to "mass production" before the end of next year

  The first company to test autonomous driving technology on the streets of Singapore (later followed by road tests in Boston). In collaboration with Lyft, more than 5,000 self-driving taxis traveled in Las Vegas.

  In May 2017, Delphi Motors got rid of the powertrain segment and changed its name to Delphi Technologies. A few months later, the company changed its name to Aptiv. Rebuilding the brand is to focus more on the company's software, electronic components and other autopilot related projects. Aptiv created a software and sensor system that can be installed into existing models to enable autopilot functionality.

  At CES 2016, the company has released the concept of fully automatic driving (Level 5) off-road; in October 2017, Delphi acquired the independent software development company NutoMy for $40 million to achieve more than 60 APTIV brands by the end of the year. Self-driving cars are put on the road; in 2016, nuTonomy integrated autopilot technology into driving services for the first time in Singapore. It carried out road tests in Boston; in April 2018, nuTonomy was officially nominated for Fast Company. The winner of the award; the company also worked with Quanergy Systems to develop and deploy solid-state lidars to significantly reduce the cost of these systems.

  At CES 2018, through a partnership with Lyft, Aptiv provided 400 Level 4 autopilots (more than 20 destinations) to Las Vegas attendees. Recently, APTIV reported that its system will be “mass production” by the end of next year. On August 21st, Lyft announced the use of APTIV technology to complete more than 5,000 autopilots.

  Audi: The first car company to develop autonomous driving

  The flagship autopilot A8 model was approved for street driving in Europe before the Tesla Autopilot Technical Manager was hired as the Chief Technology Officer of the Autopilot Technology subsidiary. Audi has already demonstrated some autonomous vehicles derived from its A7 and RS 7 models, including consumer-oriented test vehicles. In July 2016, it was reported that Audi has attracted many car counterparts by focusing on autonomous driving technology by setting up its own advanced subsidiary SDS.

  According to reports, in April 2017, Audi hired former Tesla Autopilot project manager Alexandre Haag as the chief technology officer of the department. Audi plans to commercialize SAE Level 3 in its next-generation A8 flagship model (to be approved by regulatory authorities). This luxury brand, which is owned by Volkswagen, may have a broader impact on the future.

  Audi is part of the German consortium, which also includes Daimler and BMW, and acquired Nokia's HERE high-precision map division for $3.1 billion. HERE has recently made an impressive effort to design an open specification for sensor data; these data are collected and transmitted to the cloud by connected cars. In July 2017, Audi released its new flagship product, the A8, with its controversial autopilot feature that allows the driver to completely disengage from the wheel when the car is driving at 37 miles per hour. At that time, it was the first car that was produced to really free the user's hands. As of now, the Audi A8 with autonomous driving has only been approved for release and has been legalized in the form of street in Ou Zhe (not in the US).

  Autoliv and Volvo: Promise safety full responsibility

  Seeking to establish a reputation for safety in the field of autonomous driving technology. The goal of the partner is to commercialize assisted driving technology by 2019. It is planned to complete the deployment of autonomous driving technology in 2021. Geely's Volvo Car brand (unlike the independent Volvo Group brand, which focuses on heavy-duty commercial trucks, buses and equipment) emphasizes safety innovation when developing self-driving passenger cars and names its autonomous driving program as “smart and safe ( IntelliSafe) is designed to fully introduce the auto-driving models with zero lethal targets to the public.

  Volvo plans to have 100 Swedish customers use the self-driving XC90 SUV as early as possible in 2021 (limited when, where and how to use the autonomous mode); the company stated that when the vehicle is in autonomous driving mode, if something goes wrong, the company Will assume full responsibility; Volvo has announced plans to expand its pilot program to China and the United States.

  In January 2017, Volvo announced a self-driving joint venture with Swedish supplier Autoliv. The joint venture, Zenuity, plans to commercialize its first-generation assisted-drive system by 2019 and is compatible with other automakers. As of 2018, Zenuity is negotiating with five potential customers and plans to complete at least one new transaction during the year. In June, Volvo announced another partnership with laser radar startup Luminar, dedicated to physical, automotive sensors and software designed to process, tag and mark captured data.

  Baidu: The goal is mass production

  The "Android for Automated Driving Cars" was established to support the development of autonomous driving technology. Opened an artificial intelligence research laboratory in Silicon Valley. With the permission of the Chinese government, the autopilot technology was tested on the road in 2018.

  In April 2014, Chinese Internet giant Baidu and BMW jointly developed prototypes of semi-autonomous vehicles, and then tested their technology on China's highways; but in November 2016, they parted ways because of strategic differences.

  In June 2016, Baidu co-founder and CEO Li Yanhong announced the five-year goal of mass production of driverless cars, and then recruited AI tycoon Andrew Ng; according to disclosure, Baidu plans to wait for its autopilot project to mature. After that, it was stripped from the company (just like Waymo was stripped from Alphabet).

  At the end of 2017, Baidu began testing its open source Apollo software system (Apollo for automated driving on open roads). Over the years, Apollo has been used by automakers and small start-ups in autonomous vehicles, as well as large companies such as NVIDIA, Bosch, Daimler and Ford. Baidu’s chief operating officer called Apollo Android for the autopilot industry.

  In 2018, Baidu received approval from the Chinese government to test Apollo (using models developed by Chery Automobile) on 33 different roads across 65 miles across Beijing. Baidu predicted: In 2020, there will be self-driving cars on the street.

  BMW-Intel-Mobileye Alliance: Take the lead

  The concept of autonomous vehicles was demonstrated at the 2016 International Consumer Electronics Show. It is planned to deploy autonomous vehicles on the road by 2021. In 2018, a second self-driving campus was opened in Munich.

  BMW has been actively promoting its own strategy. At CES 2016, it demonstrated the concept of independent i8 and announced its vehicle automation initiative under BMW iNEXT. BMW also formed an alliance with Intel and Mobileye to build an open standards-based platform for bringing self-driving cars to market. The goal of the alliance is to bring its first product, BMW iNEXT, to market by 2021.

  Intel has been keen to enter this field. Although it was defeated by companies such as Silicon Valley NXP and Nvidia in the field of automotive electronics and automation, a new autonomous driving group ADG was established at the end of 2016, and it was sold to Intel by Intel Capital. Technology investment invested 250 million US dollars. In March 2017, Intel announced that its 153B acquisition of MaMeLePe further enhanced its focus.

  BMW has begun to actively promote its own strategy, demonstrated the concept of autonomous i8 at CES 2016, and announced a formal initiative to promote the automation of its vehicles under BMW iNEXT. The Munich-based automaker announced the news by forming an alliance with Intel and Mobileye. The alliance plans to build an open standards-based platform for bringing self-driving cars to market, with the goal of bringing its first car, the BMW iNEXT, to market by 2021.

  Intel has been keen to enter this field and was defeated by companies such as NXP and Nvidia to provide automotive silicon and autonomous processing capabilities. At the end of 2016, it established a new autonomous driving group (ADG) and invested $250 million in automotive technology investment through Intel Capital. In March 2017, Intel acquired $15.3 billion to acquire Mobileye. Mobileye is a strong player in the field of autonomous driving, and has won many partners through its Road Experience Management (REM) mapping platform, including Nissan, Volkswagen and BMW. In fact, Intel has a 15% stake in Nokia HERE, which was bought by BMW for $3.1 billion.

  In 2018, BMW opened an autonomous driving campus near Munich, Germany, dedicated to the pilot program for autonomous driving, the second workplace dedicated to independent technology outside of BMW's office in Mountain View, California. BMW plans to add more than 40 test vehicles to the US roads (by the end of this year, there will be more than 80 vehicles worldwide).

  Bosch teamed up with Mercedes

  More than 2,000 engineers specialize in the development of assisted driving technology. TomTom worked on mapping and Mercedes got out of the car. Bosch is one of the world's largest automotive suppliers and has invested more than 2,000 engineers in the development of assisted driving systems. The company also collaborates with GPS manufacturer TomTom to provide mapping data. Bosch expects that self-driving cars will appear in 2020, at least on the highway.

  Mercedes is also taking a new step towards self-driving cars. Like other luxury brands, Mercedes has begun deploying semi-automated advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) to many new models.

  In April 2017, Bosch and Mercedes announced the joint development of Class 4 (high automation) and Class 5 (fully automated) vehicles, which Mercedes developed jointly before offering the system to competing car manufacturers. The system has two years of exclusive rights.

  Cisco: Committed to the data layer

  Beginning in 2017 to establish an automated driving infrastructure with the University of Michigan. At the International Consumer Electronics Show, a project to provide Gigabit connectivity technology for smart cars was announced.

  In the past few years, Cisco has begun the exploration of data collection and analysis layers in the autonomous driving and smart car industries. In October 2017, Cisco began working with the Michigan Department of Transportation to develop a self-driving “adjacent” program, also known as Cisco Connected Highway, to find a better way to bring a single car on the road to its surrounding infrastructure. - including roads, parking meters, street lights, etc. - connected. At CES 2018, Cisco announced that it will focus on bringing Gigabit Ethernet connectivity to smart cars through its partnership with Hyundai, making OTA (air) updates faster than ever and for better self-driving technology. Lay the foundation.

  Cisco said its Ethernet technology is expected to allow automakers to save $35 billion over the next four years and to promote the development of proprietary technologies (information processing and delivery analysis). Hyundai reported that Cisco's technology will be integrated into production models in the 2019.

  Continental Group: Adopting a gradual approach

  Focus on driver assistance technology and smart car infrastructure. In 2017, the Silicon Valley R&D Lab was opened. In 2018, it announced the establishment of a self-driving car system in cooperation with Nvidia. Continental AG specializes in automotive and transportation industry components and has been operating its own automotive projects. The company has been adopting a gradual approach to developing autonomous driving, giving only a vague “2020” time frame and tending to gradually introduce assistive driving techniques such as “Cruising Chauffer”.

  In April 2017, the mainland opened a research and development laboratory in St. Jose, California, expanding its research business in Silicon Valley and developing V2X self-driving cars. The mainland also said it will invest $300 million to strengthen electric and hybrid vehicle technology. At the North American International Auto Show in early 2018, mainland executives discussed business restructuring and plan to focus more on vehicle mobility and autonomous driving.

  A few weeks later, the mainland announced the establishment of a new autonomous driving partnership with Nvidia to combine the automotive software engineering in the mainland with NVIDIA's drive platform and operating system to develop independent autonomous driving technology, which will then be sold to existing models. It is self-driving without any complicated, time-consuming or expensive integration. DAF+Daimler+Iveco+Man+Skannia+Volvo: The main project of the truck “Plano” trip involves the self-driving truck “Fleet” connected via wireless signal. Automated trucks were tested on highways in Oregon starting in 2017.

  In April 2016, the six truck “fleets” completed their first cross-border travel: more than a dozen trucks from different European brands and different factories met in Rotterdam. In the semi-autonomous "queuing" concept, multiple trucks that direct truck control are connected by wireless signals to form a fleet mode with one truck behind the other. This will allow more trucks to be operated by fewer people, maximizing efficiency. Of course, the trucks under test still need to be equipped with human drivers as a precautionary measure.

  Didi: Digging the wall from Uber and Waymo

  In March 2017, an artificial intelligence laboratory was opened in the Silicon Valley autonomous driving technology research and development department. In February 2018, a self-driving car was demonstrated. Get permission from California to conduct further public testing of its technology. After absorbing the Uber's department in China, Didi Travel is now following the autopilot development process of its American counterparts.

  In March 2017, Didi opened its own artificial intelligence lab in the Silicon Valley Center, creating a unique department to drive the development of its intelligent driving system and an artificial intelligence-based traffic safety system. Didi's trip has already robbed many of its big cattle engineers for its new lab, including Charlie Miller (formerly Uber Auto Security) and Jia Zhaojun (Waymo Senior Software Engineer). In addition, Didi is one of several partner companies of Udacity.

  In February 2018, Didi showed for the first time a working autonomous car, claiming to have made software for the car and working with various car manufacturers and suppliers to build the hardware. In May of this year, Didi received permission from the California Motor Vehicle Division to begin testing further autopilot vehicles on public roads in the state.

  Ford: Developing a private market

  It is planned to launch autonomous vehicles by 2021. Acquired AI Argo for $1 billion. Collaborate with Domino and Postmates on automated delivery pilot projects.

  In early 2015, Ford announced its "Smart Mobility Plan" to drive the company's innovation, including car networking and autonomous driving. In the end, Ford established Ford Smart Mobility LLC in March 2016, focusing on new subsidiaries of connectivity, automation and mobility (such as cars and ride sharing services). As part of its 10-year autopilot program, Ford announced that it will increase its total test fleet to 30 in 2016. It also pioneered the testing of autonomous vehicles in special environments, including snowy weather and complete darkness. The company plans to introduce highly self-driving cars for pre-drawn "geo-isolated" areas in 2021.

  Since the second half of 2016, the company has actively sought external investment and acquisition opportunities, with a particular focus on companies engaged in artificial intelligence, laser radar and mapping. Its biggest initiatives include investing in AI startup Argo in February 2017, holding a majority stake and investing $1 billion in five years. In 2018, Ford is testing ARGO's technology with its third-generation fusion model sedan. The other Ford partners also include Domino's Pizza, which was launched in August 2017. The collaboration is to develop a self-driving pizza delivery fleet, partnered with Postmates, and automated on-demand delivery.

  GM and Lyft: deploying thousands of autopilot test cars during the year

  In 2018, the semi-automatic super cruise "Cadillac CT6" was launched. In January 2018, through the autonomous Chevrolet Bolts, a business carpool business plan was launched. From Softbank, $225 million was supported to support automation. In 2016, GM took a series of positive actions in the technology sector: acquiring Sidecar's assets, investing $500 million in Lyft, and acquiring Cruise Automation, an autonomous driving company. These deals have paid off: the Cruise prototype has followed Google to extend its testing to Arizona.

  Initially, General Motors and Lyft plan to deploy thousands of self-driven Bolts from 2018, but this collaboration is not exclusive (Lyft and Waymo also reached a separate agreement in May 2017 to collaborate on self-driving pilot projects) . In June 2018, General Motors CEO Mary Barra told reporters that although GM is still investing in Lyft financially, the two companies are no longer actively cooperating to develop any projects in the self-driving field.

  In addition, GM has been developing its own semi-automatic driving technology internally, and the Super Cruise, which has won the ticket, finally launched the Cadillac CT6 in 2018. In addition, the company plans to recruit 700 autopilot R&D engineers.

  In January 2018, GM began to obtain approval for the shared ride business and began planning a fully automated car. To help the company achieve this goal, the Softbank Vision Fund invested $225 million in the autonomous driving division of GM Cruise Holdings in May.

  Honda: providing semi-automatic driving for the Civic

  Introduce a semi-automatic assisted driving system into the Civic model. Working with Waymo to build a new automatic delivery car is expected to be completed soon.

  Honda also received approval from California to test automated vehicles on public streets (restrictions on the number of vehicles and test methods). Honda also offers semi-autonomous ADAS (Advanced Driver Assistance) for entry-level Civic models, including lane keeping, automatic braking, and adaptive cruise control. These features are common on luxury models offered by brands such as Tesla and Mercedes-Benz, but are still to be popular in the mass market.

  In April 2017, Honda established the X Research and Development Center (R&D Center X) after its Japanese competitor Toyota established a specialized artificial intelligence research laboratory. According to reports, Honda has cooperated with Alpabe's Waymo in 2016 to deploy Waymo's autopilot system. As of 2018, the negotiations between Honda and Waymo are still in progress and it is expected that an agreement will be reached soon. A Waymo spokesperson said that the cars jointly developed by the two companies may not have steering wheels or brakes and are expected to be smaller than conventional trucks.

  Huawei: Smartphone identifies the road

  Developed a cellular car connection technology in cooperation with Vodafone. Created his own driverless car R&D team with more than 200 engineers. The self-driving Porsche Panamera was tested on the MWC 2018.

  China's telecom giant Huawei is also shifting resources to the development of autonomous vehicles. In 2016, the company released a white paper detailing how mobile network operators can prove their value in the field of car networking, including smart parking, fleet management, data related to in-car entertainment, emergency services based on LTE, and more. The report also shows that Huawei has assembled its own driverless car R&D team (February 2017: more than 200).

  Huawei also cooperated with Vodafone to showcase cellular technology for car networking at the 2017 World Mobile Congress in Barcelona. At the World Mobile Congress in 2018, Huawei introduced a Porsche Panamera equipped with Mate 10Pro object recognition technology, which uses a smartphone to guide the car. However, this demonstration is seen as a way for Huawei to promote artificial intelligence capabilities, rather than ambitiously promoting autonomous driving.

  Hyundai: Plan to push autopilot SUVs in 2025

  Focus on assisting driving techniques that create conscience. The goal is to bring driverless cars to market by 2025. Invest in the Israeli technology company Autotalks. In the 2014 TV commercial, Hyundai Motor equipped with ADAS debuted; but by September 2015, it seemed to become more conservative.

  Thomas Schmid, head of modern European operations, asserts that the arrival of autonomous driving "is far less rapid than everyone said" and gives a timetable of 10 to 15 years. Despite this, the Korea Auto Group stepped up its efforts in 2016 to increase investment in artificial intelligence and set up a new business unit in the near future to develop “super-connected” and self-driving cars. Much like the overall concept of Hyundai Motor: an affordable system for mass market buyers. The automaker also hired a former head of GM's autonomous driving technology development to run its new smart safety technology center.

  At CES in January 2018, Hyundai said it will begin testing autonomous driving SUVs, expecting to pass test technology in 2021 and be available in 2025. The model is a collaboration between Hyundai and Aurora (automatic driving companies established by Uber, Tesla and Google's former executives). Subsequently, Hyundai announced that its next-generation safety system can be loaded, allowing the driver's hand to leave the steering wheel for 15 seconds. In July, Hyundai and the Israeli company Autotalks (autopilot communication system) were investing.

  Jaguar Land Rover holds Waymo

  By 2020, 100 autonomous research vehicles will be deployed on roads in the UK. In 2018, in cooperation with Waymo, a fleet of self-driving electric vehicles was established. Provide a fleet for Waymo's fleet of ride-hailing vehicles.

  In June 2015, Jaguar Land Rover (JLR) research and technology director Wolfgang Epple said that self-driving cars would violate the brand's philosophy because the company did not "consider customers' cargoes." ". However, in February 2016, JLR joined a $7.9 million UK project to focus on further development of autonomous driving, designed to collect driving habit data and test vehicle communication technology; in July 2016, JLR officially planned for the next four years. Deploy at least 100 test fleets to test autonomous driving and vehicle networking technologies on UK roads.

  In March 2018, JLR announced a partnership with Waymo to build an electric self-driving fleet, including 20,000 new Jaguar I-Pace models, starting in 2020. In May of this year, JLR Tiger announced that it will begin to develop autopilot technology for off-road vehicles.

  Magna: Focus on Lidar

  As the world's largest auto contract manufacturer, Magna, the Canadian auto supplier giant, has been the focus of the autonomous driving community. This "Foxconn in the automotive industry" will produce cars designed by technology companies such as Apple and Waymo. Currently, the company has provided services to traditional car manufacturers with advanced driver assistance system (ADAS) capabilities; in 2016, Magna collaborated with solid-state laser radar to self-drive the system to package sensor packages; the company also found iPod visionary and Nest Co-founder Tony Fadell joined the Technical Advisory Board.

  Microsoft: Providing cloud services for ventures

  Azure cloud services for autonomous driving companies. Collaborate with Toyota on robotics, artificial intelligence and autonomous vehicle development. Volvo-based autopilot technology based on HoloLens. Microsoft is reaching into the bowl of autonomous driving, although many other giants have concealed a lot at night. Microsoft's interest in the field of autonomous vehicles is more about building technology layers and less partnership with actual car manufacturers.

  Microsoft's initial strategy seems to focus on cooperation, such as the November 2015 agreement with Volvo on autonomous vehicle development and Microsoft's holographic lens technology; in March 2016, Microsoft and Toyota also announced the expansion of their five-year partnership, Covers research in robotics, artificial intelligence and autonomous vehicle development. As of June 2016, the company's strategic focus is to provide technical assistance to automakers rather than developing the car itself. The automotive customer business is driving the strong growth of Microsoft's Azure cloud business. In 2017, Microsoft announced that it will begin offering Azure cloud services to autopilot companies using Baidu's Apollo self-driving platform.

  According to reports, Microsoft also considered acquiring the shares of HERE HD Map Services, which is currently owned by BMW, Daimler and Volkswagen.

  Nissan/Renault: Testing unmanned taxis

  Expanded autopilot technology testing in 2016. Started cooperation with DeNA to conduct a self-driving taxi test in Yokohama. At the New York Auto Show in 2016, Nissan and Renault's CEO Renault Carlos Ghosn announced that by 2020, the group will have 10 vehicles with "advanced autonomy". Since 2017, Nissan has been testing an autopilot model on the road in Tokyo; Nissan and Toyota have also announced the development of a standardized "smart" map to counter the acquisition of HERE's German car companies; in April 2017, Nissan joined Mobileye's crowdsourcing autonomous vehicle mapping work, and Mobileye also powered Nissan's PiPilot system (like Tesla's Autopilot).

  In February 2018, Nissan announced that it will cooperate with Japan's online game and e-commerce company DeNA to develop Easy Ride, a self-driving taxi project based on mobile application booking, and to conduct a public test in Yokohama, Japan in March.

  NVIDIA: conquering the public

  In 2016, it launched a 8 trillion floating point computing platform designed for autonomous vehicles. A plan to launch a self-driving truck in 2017. Cooperate with Baidu, Tesla, Bosch and Toyota. At CES 2016, GPU and semiconductor company NVIDIA launched the Nvidia Drive PX2, a second-generation platform designed specifically for self-driving cars with 8 trillion floating-point computing power for deep learning, sensor fusion and computers Key elements of automated driving techniques such as vision.

  Since then, Nvidia has conquered car manufacturers, suppliers and technology partners, from Baidu and Tesla to Bosch and Toyota. The company's upcoming Xavier SoC, built on its new Volta architecture, will increase processing power and efficiency. It is worth noting that NVIDIA and truck manufacturer PACAR cooperated in the development of self-driving trucks, which was launched in March 2017; CEO Huang Renxun asserted that the automation of logistics and transportation will be the company's main opportunity.

  Samsung: already road test

  South Korea was allowed to openly test self-driving cars in 2017. Harman was acquired for $8 billion. In May 2017, South Korean technology giant Samsung was granted permission to test self-driving cars on public roads in South Korea. Samsung's self-driving cars are based on modern models with cameras and sensors. In March 2017, the company also completed a $8 billion acquisition of Harman (a leading supplier of in-vehicle technology and connected vehicle systems) with plans to use it to shape the in-car experience.

  In January 2018, Samsung unveiled a new technology platform at CES to help automakers produce custom self-driving cars that provide lane departure warning, pedestrian and collision warnings, and adaptive cruise control cameras. A new platform for testing cars on the roads of California and South Korea, called Drvline. The first batch of products is expected to be put into production around 2020.

  SB Drive: Back to the soft silver and enjoy the cool

  SB Drive is a Japanese-based, automated automotive company that is a joint venture between Softbank and Advanced Smart Mobility. The company received $4.4 million in investment from Yahoo Japan in March 2017. SB Drive is focused on advancing self-driving technology, especially in relation to public and community services such as buses.

  SB Drive is testing the commercial viability of fixed-route buses for community public transportation and truck-based autonomous shipping. SB Drive has established an intelligent mobile partnership agreement with four cities in Japan.

  PSA Group: Found a startup partner

  In 2016, PSA's self-driving cars drove more than 300 kilometers between Paris and Amsterdam. In 2017, we cooperated with nuTonomy to install an automatic driving system on Peugeot.

  In April 2016, the French-based PSA Group (including Peugeot, Citroen and DS) announced that two Citro龙n cars had traveled from Paris to Amsterdam without a driver's supervision, driving more than 300 kilometers (186 miles). PSA claims that the two cars have achieved Level 3 automation in this mode. It is expected that semi-automatic driving will be available in 2020, and "closed-eye driving" can be achieved in 2021.

  In May 2017, Peugeot announced a partnership with MIT's self-driving spin-off company nuTonomy to install an autopilot system on the Peugeot 3008.

  Tata Elixsi: Focus on safety

  Tata Elixsi, a division of the TATA Group, demonstrated sensor-based automated parking technology in January 2015. While it's unclear when these features will appear on TATA models, the company has made it clear that it is moving toward autonomous driving. The company said it will put safety first, designing a central unit in the car, with extensive security measures to manage internal and external car communications.

  In June 2017, TATA licensed AutoAI's middleware autopilot car platform to one of the top five OEMs. The software connects hardware ( cameras , radar, etc.) with artificial intelligence and machine learning algorithms (for training in automated driving scenarios).

  Tesla: Early lead problems are full

  In 2014, Tesla introduced Autopilot, a semi-automatic driving technology. In 2016, it was announced that all Tesla cars on the road can be upgraded by software to obtain autonomous driving technology. Three recent fatal accidents involving autonomous driving have damaged Tesla's reputation for autonomous driving.

  In the eyes of the public, electric car manufacturer Tesla is a pioneer in ADAS and autonomous driving. Musk announced in 2015 that the technology behind fully autonomous vehicles only needs “two to three years”, and the regulatory authorities need “one to five years” approval; in October 2015, Tesla launched “Autopilot” software, which can be updated. Equipped with the appropriate Model S for automatic steering, lane change and parking. However, Tesla's deployment, due to a series of collisions, coupled with the fatal incident of the first Autopilot drive in 2016, was a bad comment, although the official NHTSA report favored Autopilot and found no security flaws.

  After the accident, Tesla and Mobileye (based on radar and camera prices that are lower than Lidar's sensing system) were cut. According to Travis Kalanick, Tesla also refused to cooperate with Uber to develop autonomous vehicles. Since October 2016, all Tesla cars have been equipped with Autopilot Hardware 2 (providing sensors and calculation packages). However, the feedback performance of the user during the initial launch of the Autopilot 2.0 software was poor, although the system was improved with subsequent updates. In August 2018, Musk announced the launch of Autopilot Hardware 3 in 2019.

  In May 2018, analysts predicted that Tesla might be able to reach the Level 4 achievement of autonomous driving by 2020.

  Toyota: $2.8 billion to develop "guardian angels"

  Invested $22 million in the University of Michigan for robotics and autonomous driving research. Focus on the autopilot system "guardian angel": When a driver makes a mistake, the car will intervene. Investing $2.8 billion in Ford dedicated to autonomous technology Toyota announced in 2014 that it will not develop driverless cars for safety reasons; in 2015, the company announced a $1 billion autonomous driving research budget, set up by Gil Pu Gill Pratt leads the Advanced Toyota Research Institute (TRI); Toyota also hired Stanford, MIT professors and researchers, as well as all employees of the autonomous driving company Jaybridge Robotics; in April 2017, Toyota announced The third partnership of the automotive engineering giant, the University of Michigan; the company targets 2021 and deploys "AI car functionality" on the road.

  TRI CEO Gill Pratt has been a supporter of the "guardian angel" system, which monitors driver input and intervenes only when humans are about to make dangerous mistakes. TRI also conducted research on traditional Level 4 and Level 5 automation.

  In January 2018, Toyota demonstrated the latest iteration of its flagship autonomous car; a few months later, Toyota announced a $2.8 billion investment to form a new spin-off company: Toyota Research Institute-Advanced Development Designed to accelerate the testing of self-driving electric vehicles.

  Uber: Lost after a fatal incident

  From the Carnegie Mellon University Robotics Laboratory, 40 engineers were hired to work for Uber's autonomous driving technology in Pittsburgh. The company’s attitude toward legal disputes was widely criticized in a fatal accident involving autonomous driving of Uber.

  The history of Uber's automatic driving development is very turbulent. Former CEO Travis Kalanick advocates autonomous driving, and the company has taken several actions in this direction (for example, 40 engineers from the Carnegie Mellon Robotics Laboratory, developed in collaboration with the University of Arizona) Better graphics and optical security technology).

  In May 2016, Uber showed the autopilot prototype for the first time; this year also acquired the self-driving truck startup Otto, but the acquisition made Uber involved in legal disputes, and Waymo accused employees of stealing proprietary Confidential documents related to LiDAR sensors. In the end, Uber reconciled Alphabet's $245 million stake. In addition to deceiving authorities and ignoring auto-detection regulations, the company faces a wave of negative news about sexual harassment and bad culture, suffering from a large loss of engineering and non-engineering talent; in March 2018, an automatic The driving of Uber was in a car accident in Arizona, and 49-year-old Elaine Herzberg was killed.

  After the crash and subsequent investigations, Uber suspended all self-driving trials and towed all the dedicated vehicles off the road. At about the same time, Uber announced the end of its self-driving truck program Otto; however, in August 2018, Uber announced that Toyota invested $500 million and plans to jointly develop autonomous vehicles.

  Valeo: CES 2018

  2015 and Mobileye teamed up to create an affordable self-driving car. The CES 2018 demonstrates the technique of identifying and analyzing passengers in a car. Like many other suppliers, Valeo has been developing its own advanced driver assistance systems and automated driving systems, and the company's innovation directors use autonomous driving as the main growth driver for Valeo in 2020.

  The car supplier demonstrated its eCruise4U automation concept at CES 2017, which is equipped with connected cameras, laser sensors and reconfigurable cockpit; Valeo's sales in Q1 2017 increased by 22%, in part because The company and partner Mobileye have jointly promoted ADAS technology; CES 2018, Valeo demonstrated its system for identifying individual passengers in the car and can adjust the interior of the car according to passenger preferences.

  Volkswagen: Autopilot masks emissions scandals

  The board of directors began investing in autonomous driving programs in 2016. In 2017, a self-driving concept car called "Sedric" was launched.

  Volkswagen demonstrated its V-Charge project in 2015, equipped the Volkswagen e-Golf with sensors and 3D maps, without the need for human input, looking for open parking lots and park parking spaces. The company plans to have a demo prototype within four years; CEO Matthias Muller announced in March 2016 that the board has signed a large-scale autopilot program that claims to be "competitive Bringing these technologies to market faster?” At the 2018 Geneva Motor Show, the fourth Vizzion in the Volkswagen Auto Concept line, with no steering wheel or pedals, represents the vision of Volkswagen's fully automated driving.

  Waymo: Real · Daxie

  Started cooperation with Fiat Chrysler in 2016 (this is still its main cooperation project in the field of autonomous driving). In November 2017, the Waymo car achieved 4 million miles of self-driving mileage. Purchased 62,000 new Chrysler minivans to increase the size of the Waymo self-driving fleet.

  Google's self-driving car project Waymo is one of the most iconic and long-lasting autonomous vehicle projects: Google in September 2015 recruited former modern executive John Krafcik to lead the project, and in December 2016 officially became Waymo, Alphabet business restructuring After that, I paid more attention to the commercialization of autonomous driving. Currently, Waymo has completed testing of Mountain View and Austin, Kirkland, Washington and Phoenix, and Arizona. Google also looked for Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA) as its first automotive partner, and FCA is still its only disclosed OEM partner.

  In February 2017, Waymo publicly disclosed its custom-designed self-driven hardware and plans to sell a complete set of hardware and software. A few months later, the company first publicly tested its bespoke Chrysler-Pacific minivan and quickly partnered with Lyft. In November last year, the Waymo team officially hit 4 million miles on public roads in the United States. The company reported that in the simulation, these vehicles travel an extra 2.5 billion miles, and more than 25,000 "problem scenarios" and 20,000 different individual test track tests.

  In the second quarter of 2018, Waymo announced the repurchase of 62,000 new Chrysler Pacific minivans, increasing the size of its self-driving fleet by approximately 100 times; in August 2018, the company launched a program to provide accommodation for residents of the Phoenix area. Self-driving cars at bus stops and train stations.

  Yutong: Successfully tested unmanned driving

  Since 2012, Chinese automaker Yutong has been researching driverless cars. The company claims that it has successfully drove a bus on the intercity highway in central China's central province, which can be switched between manual mode and automatic mode.

  ZF: gang gang

  Invest in the investment portfolio of self-driving technology companies, including Hella. Work with NVIDIA to integrate the self-driven platform chipset into production vehicles. ZF Friedrichshafen AG, often abbreviated as ZF, is Germany's leading auto parts manufacturer. The company acquired the Michigan automation system supplier TRW for $12.4B in 2015 and entered the field of autonomous vehicles.

  Over the next few years, ZF began to acquire and invest in radar, camera and LiDAR technologies, including Hella, Astyz Communication & Sensors GmbH, Ibeo Automotive Systems GmbH and double-Slash Net-Business GmbH.

  At CES 2017, ZF CEO Stefan Sommer announced that the company has partnered with Nvidia to bring the chip maker's Drive PX 2 AI computing platform to automotive production. The system is expected to appear in production vehicles in 2020; on CES 2018, NVIDIA founder Huang Renxun announced that ZF system technology will be used to produce fully-ready autonomous vehicle platforms for China, and the partnership combines ZF's ProAI vehicles. Computer, Baidu's Apollo platform and NVIDIA's Xavier technology.

  Nvidia and Magna occupy the C position with the value chain status; Waymo gradually builds the alliance with the accumulation of technology. In addition to the single-handed approach to automatic driving, many technology companies have chosen to start from their own core enterprises, step by step, and gradually develop the underlying technology development path. Compared with the more complicated urban road driving, more platforms choose the truck fleet from the high-speed kilometers scene, and taxis have become the highlights of the market.

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